Stopping In an Emergency
In normal conditions a good driver should never have to brake hard. However emergencies happen. For instance if a child runs into the road in front of you, you have to know how to stop your car quickly and under control. Stopping in an Emergency increases the risk of skidding.
A quick reaction is crucial in an emergency as the sooner you start braking the sooner you will stop. An emergency stop is the only manoeuvre where you don't need to check your mirrors as you need to concentrate on what's in front of you rather than behind. That split second of checking your mirrors could be somebodies life.
Even when stopping in an emergency follow the rule of Progressive Braking-pressing the brake pedal harder as the vehicle slows down
How to do an Emergency Stop
How to avoid doing an Emergency Stop
Anti-Lock braking systems (ABS)
If your vehicle is fitted with ABS brakes the system operates automatically under conditions of harsh braking.
ABS employs wheel speed sensors to anticipate when a wheel is about to lock under extreme braking. Just before the wheels begin to lock, the system releases the brakes momentarily before automatically reapplying them sending a pulsing sensation through the brake pedal. This can be quite frightening the first time it occurs and you may be tempted to respond by relaxing the pressure on the brake pedal. However it is important that maximum pressure is maintained. ABS helps you to Brake as well as Steer, something you would not be able to do if your wheels were locked. Reducing the pressure on the brake pedal or pumping the pedal reduces the effectiveness of the system.The pressure on the brake pedal must be maintained until the hazard is safely avoided.
ABS will enhance your skills NOT replace them although knowing ABS you will stop safely should not encourage you to drive less carefully.
The three main points of skidding are